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William Edington
(died 1366)

Bishop of Winchester
Died: 7th October 1366


William Edington was born of no very distinguished parentage at Edingdon in Wiltshire and educated at Oxford. Adam Orelton, Bishop of Winchester appointed him Vicar of Cheriton (Hants) and moved quickly through the hierarchy of both church and state, becoming successively Treasurer (1350) and Chancellor (1357) of England, before his own election as Bishop of Winchester in 1346. In the year of his death, he was nominated Archbishop of Canterbury; a dignity which he is said to have declined with the well-known saying that "If Canterbury were the higher rack, Winchester was the better manger." In his native town of Edingdon, he founded and richly endowed a convent of "Bonhommes," the church of which still remains: a very interesting example of the latest Decorated period, already showing indications of a change of style. Edingdon's work in the nave of Winchester Cathedral and his chantry, are to be noted. Notwithstanding his other architectural labours, he left many of the buildings belonging to his see in a dilapidated condition upon his death in 1366. On which account, his successor, William of Wykeharn, recovered a sum of 1,662 from his executors; besides large numbers of cattle, which had disappeared from the various farms of the bishopric.


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