Scottish History Timeline

  Search Britannia
Britannia Home
History Home
Travel Home
Wales Home

Scotland Home
History of Scotland
History Timeline
Great Scots
Scotland Attractions

Earth Mysteries
Virtual Tours

UK Vacations
UK & London Hotels
Travel Directories
Resource Centre
Reservations Centre
Packing Guide
Currency Converter
ATM Locator
UK Weather
UK Phonebook

Pitkin Guides
Britain & England

Airport Transfers
Car Rental

3000 BC - 853 AD

3000 BC
The Neolithic village of Skara Brae established in Orkney.

1000-600 BC
Late Bronze Age people arrive in northern Britain from the Continent.

c. 500 BC
The voyages of the Carthaginian Himilco take note of the islands of Albion and Ierne.

350 BC
Roman historian and adventurer Pytheas publishes his account of the Western isles off the coast of northern Europe, calling them "Pretanic."

Roman general Agricola invades what is now southern Scotland.

At the Battle of Mons Graupius, the Roman armies defeat native tribesmen under Calgacus "the swordsman." The conquered land is called Caledonia, but less than twenty years later, the Romans are forced to withdraw.

Construction begins of stone-built Hadrian's Wall as a defensive barrier across northern Britain. It is defended by forts placed at strategic intervals and stretches from the Tyne to the Solway, a distance of 72 miles (116 kilometres).

Stretching from the Clyde to the Forth, turf-built Antonine Wall separating Caledonia to the north from Britannia to the south, acts as the northernmost defensive line for the Roman armies, but it will soon be abandoned as impractical.

Ptolemy refers to a group of five islands lying between what are now Scotland and Ireland, with a structural form known as the broch, a fortified dwelling. The best-preserved example remains at Mousa, Shetland.

Roman armies again withdraw from Northern Britain, but attempt a re-conquest a dozen years later under Emperor Septimius Severus.

Marcellinus of Rome identifies the Scotti and Picti as members of a "Barbarian conspiracy" to attack the northern frontier of the Empire in Britain.

Roman commander Magnus Maximus defeats the Picts.

Death of Scottish monk Ninian, whose religious establishment at Whithorn, in Galloway, is called Casa Candida.

Invasions of the kingdom of Dalriada, Kintyre and the neighboring islands by the Scotti, from northern Ireland who will later give their name to the whole country.

The Roman legions from Britain withdrawal and the Scots further establish and strengthen their hold by slowly winning lands away from the native Picts by invasions under Fergus MacErc and his brothers.

St. Columba and a small band of Irish monks arrive to establish a monastery at Iona and to inaugurate Aidan as king of Dalriada. Iona becomes the ecclesiastical head of the Celtic Church in Britain and an important political center.

At the Synod of Whitby, in northern England, the Celtic Church is forced to adopt the rule of St. Peter and the Church of Rome rather than that of St. Columba.

The Picts, sorely pressed by both Celt and Gael, manage to defeat a force of invading Saxons at Nectansmere, but they soon disappear from history.

Kenneth MacAlpin dies. He united Picts, Scots, Britons and Angles to create a kingdom of Scotland.
UK Vacation Packages
Reserve Hotels Online
uk vacation packages
Share your experience
UK car tours
London Special Packages logo
Search for:

Enter keywords:

Copyright ©2001, LLC   Questions? Comments!   Design & Development Unica Multimedia