The Peace of Wedmore
The Peace of Wedmore is an agreement reached between the King Alfred and Guthrum, Danish King of East Anglia, around the year 878. It established a firm frontier, north and east of which would come to be called the Danelaw, between Alfred's England and Danish held territories.
This is the peace that King Alfred and King Guthrum, and the witan of all the English nation, and all the people that are in East Anglia, have all ordained
and with oaths confirmed, for themselves and for their descendants, as well for
born as for unborn, who reck of God's mercy or of ours.
1. Concerning our land boundaries: Up on the Thames, and then up on the Lea,
and along the Lea unto its source, then straight to Bedford, then up on the
Ouse unto Watling Street.
2. Then is this: If a man be slain, we estimate all equally dear, English and
Danish, at viii half marks of pure gold; except the ceorl who resides on rented
land and their [the Danes'] freedmen; they also are equally dear, either at
3. And if a king's thegn be accused of manslaying, if he dare clear himself on
oath, let him do that with 12 king's thegns. If any one accuse that man who
is of less degree than the king's thegn, let him clear himself with xi of his
equals and with one king's thegn. And so in every suit which may be more than
iv mancuses. [A money of account representing thirty pence] And if he dare
not, let him pay for it threefold, as it may be valued.
4. And that every man know his warrantor in acquiring slaves and horses and
5. And we all ordained on that day that the oaths were sworn, that neither
bond nor free might go to the host without leave, no more than any of them to
us. But if it happen that from necessity any of them will have traffic with us
or we with them, with cattle and with goods, that is to be allowed in this
wise: that hostages be given in pledge of peace, and as evidence whereby it
may be known that the party has a clean back.
Britannia's British History Department
Reproduced by kind permission of The Medieval Source Book