|THE CONFESSION of|
Patrick was the son of a Romano-British Christian who lived somewhere in the north of what is now England. At sixteen years old he, and many other of his people, were taken captive into Ireland. What follows is his own story of his realisation of God's purpose for his life. In it he gives interesting and valuable insights into the workings of his personal faith in Jesus Christ, as well as into life in the fifth century. It also may be that this document was written partly for the purpose of responding to charges made against him by unspecified persons, in his later years.
The date of Patrick's birth is not known, but it has been placed in the early years of the fifth century. His "saint's day" is celebrated on March 17th (most lustily and inappropriately in America), but it is doubtful that this is the actual date of his birth. There are two extant writings, both believed to be genuine, which are attributed to Patrick; the "Confession," printed below, and a letter to the British king, Coroticus. A third document,"The Charter of St. Patrick," is purported to be written by him, but is actually a thirteenth century forgery by the monks of Glastonbury Abbey.
Patrick has been adopted, over the centuries, by Irish Catholics as one of their own, but the language of his "Confession" is free from any reference to Rome, the Pope, the Virgin Mary, church hierarchies or any of the other trappings of Roman Catholicism. Instead, it is a simple statement more consistent with a "New Testament-style," apostolic and evangelical Christianity.
I am Patrick, a sinner, most unlearned, the least of all the faithful, an
utterly despised by many. My father was Calpornius, a deacon, son of
Potitus, a priest, of the village Bannavem Taburniæ he had a country seat
nearby, and there I was taken captive.
I was then about sixteen years of age. I did not know the true God. I was
taken into captivity to Ireland with many thousands of people, and
deservedly so, because we turned away from God, and did not keep His
commandments, and did not obey our priests, who used to remind us of our
salvation. And the Lord brought over us the wrath of his anger and scattered us among
many nations, even unto the utmost part of the earth, where now my littleness is
placed among strangers.
And there the Lord opened the sense of my unbelief that I might at last
remember my sins and be converted with all my heart to the Lord my God, who had regard
for my abjection, and mercy on my youth and ignorance, and watched over me before
I knew Him, and before I was able to distinguish between good and evil, and guarded
me, and comforted me as would a father his son.
Hence I cannot be silent, nor, indeed, is it expedient, about the great
benefits and the great grace which the lord has deigned to bestow upon me in
the land of my captivity; for this we can give to God in return after having
been chastened by Him, to exalt and praise His wonders before every nation
that is anywhere under the heaven.
Because there is no other God, nor ever was, nor will be, than God the
Father unbegotten, without beginning, from whom is all beginning, the Lord
of the universe, as we have been taught; and His son Jesus Christ, whom we
declare to have always been with the Father, spiritually and ineffably
begotten by the Father before the beginning of the world, before all
beginning; and by Him are made all things visible and invisible. He was made
man, and, having defeated death, was received into heaven by the Father; and
He hath given Him all power over all names in heaven, on earth, and under
the earth, and every tongue shall confess to Him that Jesus Christ is Lord
and God, in whom we believe, and whose advent we expect soon to be, judge of
the living and of the dead, who will render to every man according to his
deeds; and He has poured forth upon us abundantly the Holy Spirit, the gift
and pledge of immortality, who makes those who believe and obey sons of God
and joint heirs with Christ; and Him do we confess and adore, one God in the
Trinity of the Holy Name.
For He Himself has said through the Prophet: Call upon me in the day of thy
trouble, and I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify me. And again He
says: It is honourable to reveal and confess the works of God.
Although I am imperfect in many things, I nevertheless wish that my brethren
and kinsmen should know what sort of person I am, so that they may
understand my heart's desire.
I know well the testimony of my Lord, who in the Psalm declares: Thou wilt
destroy them that speak a lie. And again He says: The mouth that belieth
killeth the soul. And the same Lord says in the Gospel: Every idle word that
men shall speak, they shall render an account for it on the day of
And so I should dread exceedingly, with fear and trembling, this sentence on
that day when no one will be able to escape or hide, but we all, without
exception, shall have to give an account even of our smallest sins before
the judgement of the Lord Christ.
For this reason I had in mind to write, but hesitated until now; I was
afraid of exposing myself to the talk of men, because I have not studied
like the others, who thoroughly imbibed law and Sacred Scripture, and never
had to change from the language of their childhood days, but were able to
make it still more perfect. In our case, what I had to say had to be
translated into a tongue foreign to me, as can be easily proved from the
savour of my writing, which betrays how little instruction and training I
have had in the art of words; for, so says Scripture, by the tongue will be
discovered the wise man, and understanding, and knowledge, and the teaching
But of what help is an excuse, however true, especially if combined with
presumption, since now, in my old age, I strive for something that I did not
acquire in youth? It was my sins that prevented me from fixing in my mind
what before I had barely read through. But who believes me, though I should
repeat what I started out with?
As a youth, nay, almost as a boy not able to speak, I was taken captive,
before I knew what to pursue and what to avoid. Hence to-day I blush and
fear exceedingly to reveal my lack of education; for I am unable to tell my
story to those versed in the art of concise writing, in such a way, I mean,
as my spirit and mind long to do, and so that the sense of my words
expresses what I feel.
But if indeed it had been given to me as it was given to others, then I
would not be silent because of my desire of thanksgiving; and if perhaps
some people think me arrogant for doing so in spite of my lack of knowledge
and my slow tongue, it is, after all, written: The stammering tongues shall
quickly learn to speak peace.
How much more should we earnestly strive to do this, we, who are, so
Scripture says, a letter of Christ for salvation unto the utmost part of the
earth, and, though not an eloquent one, yet...written in your hearts, not
with ink, but with the spirit of the living God! And again the Spirit
witnesses that even rusticity was created by the Highest.
Whence I, once rustic, exiled, unlearned, who does not know how to provide
for the future, this at least I know most certainly that before I was
humiliated I was like a stone Lying in the deep mire; and He that is mighty
came and in His mercy lifted me up, and raised me aloft, and placed me on
the top of the wall. And therefore I ought to cry out aloud and so also
render something to the Lord for His great benefits here and in
eternity, benefits which the mind of men is unable to appraise.
Wherefore, then, be astonished, ye great and little that fear God, and you
men of letters on your estates, listen and pore over this. Who was it that
roused up me, the fool that I am, from the midst of those who in the eyes of
men are wise, and expert in law, and powerful in word and in everything? And
He inspired me, me, the outcast of this world, before others, to be the
man (if only I could!) who, with fear and reverence and without blame,
should faithfully serve the people to whom the love of Christ conveyed and
gave me for the duration of my life, if I should be worthy; yes indeed, to
serve them humbly and sincerely.
In the light, therefore, of our faith in the Trinity I must make this
choice, regardless of danger I must make known the gift of God and
everlasting consolation, without fear and frankly I must spread everywhere
the name of God so that after my decease I may leave a bequest to my
brethren and sons whom I have baptised in the Lord, so many thousands of
And I was not worthy, nor was I such that the Lord should grant this to His
servant; that after my misfortunes and so great difficulties, after my
captivity, after the lapse of so many years, He should give me so great a
grace in behalf of that nation, a thing which once, in my youth, I never
expected nor thought of.
But after I came to Ireland, every day I had to tend sheep, and many times
a day I prayed, the love of God and His fear came to me more and more, and
my faith was strengthened. And my spirit was moved so that in a single day I
would say as many as a hundred prayers, and almost as many in the night, and
this even when I was staying in the woods and on the mountains; and I used
to get up for prayer before daylight, through snow, through frost, through
rain, and I felt no harm, and there was no sloth in me, as I now see,
because the spirit within me was then fervent.
And there one night I heard in my sleep a voice saying to me: `It is well
that you fast, soon you will go to your own country.' And again, after a
short while, I heard a voice saying to me: `See, your ship is ready.' And it
was not near, but at a distance of perhaps two hundred miles, and I had
never been there, nor did I know a living soul there; and then I took to
flight, and I left the man with whom I had stayed for six years. And I went
in the strength of God who directed my way to my good, and I feared nothing
until I came to that ship.
And the day that I arrived the ship was set afloat, and I said that I was
able to pay for my passage with them. But the captain was not pleased, and
with indignation he answered harshly: `It is of no use for you to ask us to
go along with us.' And when I heard this, I left them in order to return to
the hut where I was staying. And as I went, I began to pray; and before I
had ended my prayer, I heard one of them shouting behind me, `Come, hurry,
we shall take you on in good faith; make friends with us in whatever way you
like.' And so on that day I refused to suck their breasts for fear of God,
but rather hoped they would come to the faith of Jesus Christ, because they
were pagans. And thus I had my way with them, and we set sail at once.
And after three days we reached land, and for twenty-eight days we travelled
through deserted country. And they lacked food, and hunger overcame them;
and the next day the captain said to me: `Tell me, Christian: you say that
your God is great and all-powerful; why, then, do you not pray for us? As
you can see, we are suffering from hunger; it is unlikely indeed that we
shall ever see a human being again.'
I said to them full of confidence: `Be truly converted with all your heart
to the Lord my God, because nothing is impossible for Him, that this day He
may send you food on your way until you be satisfied; for He has abundance
everywhere.' And, with the help of God, so it came to pass: suddenly a herd
of pigs appeared on the road before our eyes, and they killed many of them;
and there they stopped for two nights and fully recovered their strength,
and their hounds received their fill for many of them had grown weak and
were half-dead along the way. And from that day they had plenty of food.
They also found wild honey, and offered some of it to me, and one of them
said: `This we offer in sacrifice.' Thanks be to God, I tasted none of it.
That same night, when I was asleep, Satan assailed me violently, a thing I
shall remember as long as I shall be in this body. And he fell upon me like
a huge rock, and I could not stir a limb. But whence came it into my mind,
ignorant as I am, to call upon Helias? And meanwhile I saw the sun rise in
the sky, and while I was shouting `Helias! Helias' with all my might,
suddenly the splendour of that sun fell on me and immediately freed me of
all misery. And I believe that I was sustained by Christ my Lord, and that
His Spirit was even then crying out in my behalf, and I hope it will be so
on the day of my tribulation, as is written in the Gospel: On that day, the
Lord declares, it is not you that speak, but the Spirit of your Father that
speaketh in you.
Part 2: The Confession of St. Patrick
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Translated from the Latin by Ludwig Bieler
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