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Europe In Retrospect
A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE PAST TWO HUNDRED YEARS

by Raymond F. Betts


Table of Contents
Preface
Introduction

PART ONE
The Reordering of Europe: 1789-1871
Introduction
1: The Old Order
The Structure of the Old Regime. Economic Growth.  Mercantilism. The Enlightenment
2: The French Revolution
The Ideology of the French Revolution. The Age of Napoleon. 
3: International Order & Domestic Strife
The European State System. The Age of Revolution. The National Unification of Italy and Germany
4: The Age of Power
Another Kind of Revolution. Capitalism and Entrepreneurs. Protests Against Industrialism. Urban Growth

PART TWO
Expansion & Explosion: 1871-1918
Introduction
5: Concentration
The New Productivity. Toward a New Social Order. New Responses. Cultural Implications of Mass Society
6: Expansion
The Causes of Modern European Imperialsim. Europe's Imperial Age
7: Discontent & Tension
Beneath and Beyond Calculation and Reason. The Delicate Balance of Diplomacy. War Clouds
8: The War
The Changing Military Dimensions of War. The Changing Domestic Dimensions of War The Interminable War

PART THREE
Reconstruction & New Order: 1918-1945
Introduction
9: Disorder: Europe in the 1920s
Modification in Social Structure. A New Mood.
10: An Era of Despair
The Depression. Fascism and Nazism The New Social Order.
11: The Precious Peace
The Spirit of International Conciliation. War, Peace, and Germany Peace and Appeasement
12: Another World War
A "More Total War". The Effects of the War. The War in a Global Setting.

PART FOUR
Europe in the Contemporary World
Introduction
13: The Decade of European Recovery
Economic Reorganization. New Economic Dimensions. The Cold War and Bipolarization. Politics and Classes. The Reshaping of the European Mind
14: The Retreat from Empire
The End of Empire. Decolonization. The Significance of Colonialism. After Imperialism.
15: An Era of Booming Success
The Economics of Plenty. The Politics of Europe. Europe at Home.
16: Contemporary Europe
New European Dimensions and Problems. The New Economics of Oil. Dissent and Disorder. Eurocommunism.

EPILOGUE





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