Michael Ford explains
The statutory listed buildings
scheme was introduced in 1947 to give protection
to buildings of special architectural or historic
interest in England and Wales. Listing covers all
features within the boundaries of the property
besides the buildings themselves. Historic
associations with people and events of national
importance, construction methods and rarity value
can also feature as listing criteria.
There are three gradings for
Grade I buildings are
the finest and account for only around 6000 in
Grade II* buildings are
next best and like grade I buildings are
protected from significant alteration. There are
about 18000 in this category.
Grade II buildings of
which there are some half million may become the
subject of change although generally protected.
Buildings are listed by the
Department of National Heritage with guidance
from English Heritage.
All buildings erected before
1700 retaining the basis of their original
condition are listed. Most buildings constructed
between 1700 and 1840 are also listed. Buildings
from the period 1840 to 1914 of quality and
character or are the works of nationally
recognised architects are listed as are those
from 1914 to 1939 which are selected for their
high quality. Only outstanding buildings post
1939 are listed and they have to be at least
thirty years old.
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