Timelines of British History|
This section presents the sweep of British history in chronological form, broken down into discrete time periods. Select the time period below that interests you most
Prehistoric Britain (5000 BC - c. 100 BC)
Britain before the Romans came: stone, bronze, iron ages, construction of stonehenge, earthworks, Druids, the Celts.
Roman Britain (55 BC - 410 AD)
From Julius Caesar's first attempt at conquest to the final days of Roman administration in Britain: rebellion, subjugation, advent of Christianity, barbarian invasions, withdrawal.
Early British Kingdoms (410 - 598)
After the Roman influence ceased, the activities of the British people: westward movement, intrigues & alliances, power struggles, explosion of missionary activities, plague, Saxon invasions.
Early British Kingdoms (599 - 937)
Continuing activities of the British people: further westward movement, more intrigues & alliances, more power struggles, more Saxon invasions, religious strife with Roman Catholicism.
Anglo Saxon England (597 - 687)
The coming of St. Augustine, triumph of Rome-oriented Christianity, Saxon control of island, rise of Mercia, Offa's Dyke.
Anglo Saxon England (688 - 801)
Rise of Wessex, King Ine establishes his law, Venerable Bede, Viking invasions.
Anglo Saxon England (802 - 898)
Triumph of Egbert, development of Wessex dynasty, Viking wars, Alfred the Great, St. Swithun, Peace of Wedmore, the Danelaw.
Anglo Saxon England (899 - 977)
Athelstan, St. Dunstan, growth of monasteries, more Viking wars, Battle of Brunanburh
Anglo Saxon England (978 - 1066)
Aethelred the Unready, Danegeld, Danes gain English crown, Edward the Confessor, rise of the Godwins, Westminster Abbey, Harold and William at Hastings.
Medieval Britain (1066 - 1487)
Conquest, consolidation, feudal system, Magna Carta, codification of laws, individual rights, Welsh & Scottish wars, murder of a king, Black Plague, Hundred Years War, Peasant's Revolt, religious unrest, Princes in the Tower, Wars of the Roses.
Life and Reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1533 - 1603)
The life and dramatic reign of a woman who must be considered to be in the top rank of English monarchs.
The Reformation & Restoration Period (1486 - 1689)
Emergence of Britain into modern era: rise of Tudors, Dissolution of Monasteries, religious struggles, discovery, Elizabeth 1, unification of Scottish & English crown, overthrow and restoration of monarchy.
The Age of Empire (1689 - 1901)
Bill of Rights, limits on monarchy, political awakening, war with colonies, expansion of empire, Gothic revival, industrial revolution, scientific development, literary & artistic golden age.
Arthurian History & Legend (63 AD - 1090)
History of Arthurian (5 & 6th century) Britain and beginning of development of the legend: Saxon wars, Ambrosius, Vortigern, Mt. Badon, Mordred, Camlann, heroic poems, British chronicles, adoption of Arthur by Saxons.
Arthurian History & Legend (1125 - 1485)
Expansion of legend, more fuel for the fire: French romancers, burial cross, William of Malmesbury, Geoffrey of Monmouth, Holy Grail, growth of Joseph of Arimathea legend, Malory.
Arthurian History & Legend (1533 - 1998)
Explosion of legend in more modern times: skepticism over Geoffrey of Monmouth's history, Leland, Spenser, pre-Raphaelite painters, Victorian poets, films, books, TV, scholarship, new age figure.
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