Tours > Northumberland Battlefields > Alnwick |
The Battle of Alnwick13th November 1093
Eastern side of the B6341, just outside Alnwick. Immediately before the roundabout junction to Denwick
by David Nash Ford BA, Editor, History on Britannia
Having been treated extremely badly at the Court of King William Rufus when he travelled south to pay homage for his English lands, King Malcolm III of Scotland invaded England in the Winter of 1093 and pillaged the border country as far south as Alnwick. His huge army encamped just north of the town and it was to here that Robert de Mowbray, Governor of Bamburgh Castle, rode out with a small contingent to repel them. Unable to engage in open combat, Mowbray managed a surprise attack on the Scots which threw them into complete confusion. King Malcolm was slain in the battle his son, Edward, was mortally wounded.
Traditionally, the King received his death-wound from a lance where an 18th century cross to his memory now stands at the side of the road. Across the highway, to the south, are the pathetic remains of St. Leonard's Hospital founded around 1200 on the site where he died. There are glorious views of Alnwick Castle from here.
A later skirmish with the Scots took place much closer to Alnwick in 1174. King William the Lion was captured by the English in Rotten Row where a memorial long commemorated the event.
The Battle of Otterburn